A Mistress is a female lover and companion who is not married to her partner in question. Generally, the relationship is stable and at least semi-permanent, but the couple does not live together openly and the relationship is usually, but not always, secret. The term "mistress" was originally used as a neutral feminine counterpart to "mister" or "master".

Imperial Mistress

An Imperial Mistress is the historical position of a mistress to a monarch or an heir apparent. Some mistresses have had considerable power. These powerful mistresses have been commonly referred to as the "power behind the throne".

When a male fills this position, there is no distinct name given to the person in question, whether this be a relationship with a female ruler or homosexual relation with a male ruler. Chevalier Servant is often used, however, the most common term is the Italian term, Cicisbeo. Males who exercise political power as a result of their affairs are referred to as Valides, from the Spanish Validos.


The Maitresse-en-Titre was the chief mistress of the monarch. It was a semi-official position which came with its own apartments. The title came into use during the reign of Charles IV and continued until the reign of Louis XI.

List of Mistresses


Marie de Potier, Duchesse de Paris.

Charles I

  • Marie, Duchesse de Valois

Louis I

  • Marie Jeanne, Comtesse d'Artois

Louis II

  • Madeleine, Comtesse d'Angouleme

Charles II

  • Marguerite, Dame de Paris
  • Françoise, Baronne de Chatellerault

Louis III

  • Odette, Duchesse de Lorraine
  • Marie de Potier, Duchesse de Paris


  • Henri, Duc de Valois

Charles III

  • Anne, Duchesse d'Orleans

Louis VI

  • Antoinette, Baronne de Parthenay

    Rosemond d'Angleterre, Duchesse d'Orleans

Louis V

  • Ester, Comtesse du Berry


  • Françoise, Marquise de Vendome (La Belle de Vendome)
  • Rosemond d'Angleterre, Duchesse d'Orleans

Charles IV

  • Rosemond d'Angleterre, Duchesse d'Orleans (Maitresse-en-Titre)
  • Marie, Dame de Nassau
  • Anne Bénédicte, Comtesse de Treves

Marie IV

  • Antoine de Turbigen, Marquis de Turbigen

Louis VII

  • Isabelle Marie, Duchesse de Guise (Maitresse-en-Titre)


  • Louis Joseph, Comte d'Angouleme
Pierre Mignard Claude de Vin des Oeillets

Marie-Olympe, Duchesse de Luxembourg

Charles VI

  • Henriette Anne, Marquise d'Alencon
  • Catherine-Charlotte, Comtesse de Blois
  • Marie-Olympe, Duchesse de Luxembourg (Maitresse-en-Titre)
  • Charlotte Eleonore Marguerite, Duchesse de Guise

Louis X

  • Marie-Yolande, Dame de Montauban
  • Marie-Jeanne, Dame de Montauban
  • Marie-Louise, Dame de Montauban
  • Marie-Marguerite, Dame de Montauban
  • Louise Marie Angélique, Duchesse de Bourbon (Maitresse-en-Titre)
  • Elisabeth-Charlotte-Anne, Marquise de Narbonne
Auguste de Bretagne-0

Auguste de Bretagne

Louis XI

  • Adelaide Victoire, Dame de Chatellerault
  • Louise Hippolyte, Princesse de Monaco
  • Athenais, Duchesse de Normandy
  • Emilie Caroline, Comtesse du Bar
  • Diane, Marquise de Hollande (Maitresse-en-Titre until death)
  • Elisabeth, Comtesse du Berry
  • Anne Leonore, Duchesse de Luxembourg (Maitresse-en-Titre)
  • Claudine, Comtesse de Cahors
  • Diane Adélaïde, Dame de Valois
  • Marie Anne, Dame de Valois

Chevalier servente's to Louis XI:

;Valides to Louis Xl;

Louis XII

Louis XIV